24 December 2009
Stretched between the monument as the northern boundary and Stage Krapyak the southern boundary, between Code River in the east and west Winongo River. Between Mount Merapi and the South Sea, Palace in the minds of Javanese society, defined as the center of the world that is described as the center of the universe.
Sultan Palace History
After Giyanti Agreement, Prince Mangkubumi given area of Yogyakarta. To run the government, Prince Mangkubumi built a palace in the year 1755 in Beringan Forest area. This land was considered good enough because flanked by two rivers, so protected from the possibility of flooding. The first king in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta is the title of Prince Mangkubumi Sultan Hamengkubuwono I (HB I).
Naming and Meaning Layout
Royal Palaces, Palace or the Palace, comes from the word ka-Queen's, which means a place to live queen / king. Are broader sense, be described in simple, that the whole structure and building area of the Kingdom means associated with the Javanese worldview essential, namely Sangkan Paraning Dumadi (where it comes from humans and where humans finally after death).
Outlines, the Palace area extends 5 km to the south until Krapyak and 2 km to the north end of the monument. On this line there is a linear line of dualism reversed, so that could be read symbolically philosophically. From south to north, as a human birth from a high place to the finite nature, and vice versa as the return of humans to the side Dumadi (God in the eyes of Java). While the Palace as a physical with the king as a symbol of true spirit that comes into the body.
Palace to Tugu also be interpreted as a way of life full of temptations. Beringharjo market symbolizes women temptation. While the temptation of power is symbolized by Kepatihan Building. Both are located on the right. Straight road itself as a human symbol close to the Creator (Paraning impressive Dumadi).
Simply put, Tugu symbolism Linga (male) and Krapyak as Yoni (female). And the Palace as a body that comes from both.
Spatial meaning Kraton Yogyakarta
After the 1867 hit by the earthquake, the Palace suffered heavy damage. During HB VII in 1889, the building was restored. Although the layout is retained, but the shape of the building changed, as seen today
Monument and the ward or ward Manguntur Tangkil Kencana (where the king's throne), located in a straight line, this implies, when the Emperor sat on his throne and looking toward the monument, so he will always remember the people (subjects unity gusti).
The same order as the Palace Sultan of Mataram dynasty in general. Kencana wards on which the king reigned, together with Ward Prabayeksa as a place to store weapons heritage Kingdom (in this room there Wiji Kyai oil lamp, which always kept the courtiers not to die), serves as a center. The ward is covered by the court Kedhaton, so to reach the center, must go through the pages resemble layered circuit bewa (waves) above the sea.
Kraton spatial arrangement is very similar to the constellation of mountains and plains Guava Dwipa, which is seen as a continent of the universe center.
From north to south area of the Palace there are successive North Square, North Hinggil Siti, North Kemandhungan, Srimanganti, Kedhaton, Kemagangan, South Kemandhungan, Siti South Hinggil Square South (which the court shielded the high wall).
While the door to go through to get to each place nine, called Regol. From the north there is the gate, pangurukan, Tarub great, brajanala, Srimanganti, kemagangan, gadhung Mlati, kemandhungan and ivory.
Brongtodiningrat important at these numbers, the numbers represent the highest perfection. This corresponds to nine holes in human beings commonly known as babahan hawa sanga.
The sacredness of each Palace building is indicated by the frequency and intensity of activity at the site of the Sultan.
Square, Cultural, and Siti Hinggil, in this place of Sultan only present three times a year, ie at Grebeg Ageng Pisowan Mawlood, Sawal and Besar. And the opportunities that are incidental to a very specific example during the coronation of the Emperor and the coronation of Prince Crown Prince or Duke Anom.
Sultan Palace is indeed an old building, once damaged and restored. At first glance like the Palace buildings generally. But if we explore the Palace of Yogyakarta, which is the largest and most beautiful examples with symbolic meaning, a philosophy of life, human nature, how nature works and human beings live their lives and the lives of the existence of hidden symbolism in it. (YogYES.COM)
Writer: R. Shah
Photo & Artistic: Sutrisno
Copyright © 2006 YogYES.COM